Taekwondo hand attacks make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself. They are executed from standing, jumping, spinning or rushing forward. Taekwondo hand strikes can be separated into two distinct styles:
- Closed hand strikes (jireugi)
- Open hand techniques (chigi)
In Hapkido, hand attacks consist of punches, hand strikes and elbow strikes. Hand strikes are used to weaken the opponent before joint locking and throwing, and also as finishing techniques. Beginning students are taught conventional, effective patterns of blocks and counterattacks, which progress to more complex techniques as the student becomes familiar with them.